Law

NEW CRIMINAL LAWS INDIA

HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF CRIMINAL LAWS IN INDIA

The evolution of India’s criminal justice system may be followed through several historical eras, including the Vedic era, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughal Empire, and the current day. Punishments and upholding order under Dharma were governed by rules derived from Rig Vedic teachings throughout the Vedic era. The Mahakuma e Adalat, a department established by the Mughals during their rule, handled civil and criminal issues by Islamic law. This change was shaped in large part by the East India Company (EIC), which also introduced court systems and established the High Court. The 1860s saw the adoption of codes thanks to these innovations. Also check top criminal lawyers in bangalore

OVERVIEW OF THE NEW CRIMINAL LAWS

BHARATIYA NYAYA SANHITA, 2023

updated criminal code The Indian Penal legislation, 1860 has been superseded by the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita of 2023, an attempt to reinterpret and reroute the legislation. This legislation attempts to adopt a nuanced approach to crimes by imposing penalties on activities that constitute a danger to India’s sovereignty, unity, and integrity through section amendments, repeals, and additions.

BHARATIYA NAGRIK SURAKSHA SANHITA, 2023

Our criminal procedural system is intended to be improved by the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023. It aims to guarantee that justice is more accessible and sensitive to the interests of the people by establishing deadlines for investigations. Section 176 of the Act, which requires an inquiry into offenses punishable by seven (7) years or more in jail, is one significant reform in the new criminal code.

BHARATIYA SAKSHYA ADHINIYAM, 2023

The Indian Evidence Act of 1872 was superseded by the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, which changed the organization of evidence law. This new criminal legislation recognizes electronic evidence, defined as any information created or sent by a device or system that may retain or recover data, in the highly technologically advanced world of today.

NEW CRIMINAL LAW BOOKS

THE BHARATIYA NAGARIK SURAKSHA SANHITA, 2023

With comparisons between the new act and the previous Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, Lexis Nexis’s new bare act covers the entirety of the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita.

THE BHARATIYA NYAYA SANHITA, 2023

This new bare act from LexisNexis compares the previous Indian Penal Code with the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita and provides a thorough analysis of it. It covers the increasing penalties and fines in a tabular manner.

THE BHARATIYA SAKSHYA ADHINIYAM, 2023

With a comparison of the Indian Evidence and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam and cross-referencing to the relevant sections of the previous act, this new bare act by Lexis Nexis has covered every aspect of the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam.

DRIVING FORCES BEHIND THE REFORMS

Due to socio-political circumstances, several new laws were developed. As a result of the digital revolution, there is a growing demand for tech restrictions, victim-centered justice, and changing cultural norms. There were other pressures, too, such as judicial activism that brought attention to inefficiencies and international duties in addition to the conflicting views of judges.

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